Mount Sinai consists of a group of peaks, often known as the Holy Mountains. However, it is also the biblical name of the peak on which Moses received the 10 Commandments. Mount Moses is considered to be where Prophet Mohammed's horse ascended to heaven, giving it religious significance to Islamic believers. The peak can be reached by climbing the steps leading up to the top, or by following a winding path that runs east from the monastery. The steps pass the Fountain of Moses.
Ras Mohamed National park
This fabulous national park is situated at the southern extreme of the Sinai Peninsula, near the city of Sharm El Sheikh. It encompasses the two islands, Tiran, and Sanafir. Covering a 480 km² area of mostly water, the park’s shoreline is known for its exceptional coral reefs that are recognized among the world’s best, and the inland area includes a diversity of mountains, valleys, and sand dunes. The park was established in 1983 to protect the coral reefs, and offer both scuba divers and snorkelers the chance to swim amongst spectacular underwater scenery.
St. Catherine Monastery
Situated approximately 1,570 feet above sea level at the foot of Mountain Moses, the center of a significantly valued pilgrimage, St. Catherine is considered one of the four most sacred monasteries in the Middle East. In 342 A.D., Empress Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, formerly known as the Virgin, built a monastery at the site of the Burning Bush where it is believed that Moses received the 10 commandments. In the 6th century AD, Emperor Justinian I ordered the construction of the church of Transfiguration, in addition to a high enclosure wall with towers armed with Roman Soldiers to protect the monastery from Bedouins. Both the monastery and the church were later called St. Catherine. In the monastery lies a diversity of picturesque sights to visit; the enclosure wall surrounding the monastery was built from granite stones at an approximate height of 15 meters. On the northern side of the monastery rests the Great Church encompassing two aisles and a central nave. The nave ends with an alter near a reliquary of marble that contains the relics of St. Catherine. The monastery incorporates one of the most significant religious libraries in the world containing a massive number of rare historical manuscripts and decrees of various Caliphs and rulers. It also includes the Well of Moses north of the Great Church, in addition to the Burning Bush Well and St. Stephen’s Well to its south.
Chapel of the Burning Bush
This stunning historical chapel is located on top of St. Catherine's Monastery. Construction of the building was ordered during the 6th century AD by Empress Helen, the mother of Constantine. The chapel houses St. Catherine's relics and is believed to be the spiritual heart of the monastery.
Seven Elders of Israel Amphitheatre
This archaeological marvel can be found on Mount Sinai, halfway between the foot of the mountain and its peak. The Seven Elders of Israel Amphitheatre is a truly stunning religious monument and is well worth looking out for.
El-Arish / Sinai Heritage Museum
El-Arish is located on the Mediterranean coast of the Sinai Peninsula and is regarded as being the most vital center for Bedouin handicrafts in Sinai. The on-site Sinai Heritage Museum is the only museum in the peninsula dedicated to Bedouins and their culture, being full of old handicrafts, artifacts, clothing and many other fascinating exhibits.